Janaka is the name used to refer to the kings of Videha. Janak’s name was Seeradhwaja. He was a spiritually inclined person and was generally surrounded by sages and Rishis.
Ramayana Story, Valmiki Ramayana
The Valmiki Ramayana epic narrates the life span of Rama, the renowned prince of Kosala Kingdom, his banishment from the kingdom by his father, King Dasharatha, his travels around jungles in India along with his wife Sita and brother Lakshmana, the kidnap of his wife by Ravana, the demon king of Lanka, causing a war with him, and Rama's eventual return to Ayodhya to be crowned king.
Dasharatha ruled a land called Koshada in northern India and its capital was Ayodha. Dasharatha had three queens, namely, Kaushalya, Sumitra and Kaikeyi. He was son of King Aja and Princess Indumati of Vidarbha.
Maricha or Mareecha was a rakshasa (demon), who was killed by Rama. He was the uncle of Ravana. Story of Maricha can be found in the Bala Kanda and Aranya Kanda of Ramayana. He played the most notable role in Ravana’s kidnapping of Sita.
The Ramayana has seven long sections called kandas. Bala Kandam is the first section of Ramayana. The Bala Kanda narrates the happenings prior to the birth of the four sons of king Dasaratha of Ayodhya till the marriage of four of them to the daughters of King Janaka.
Jatayu and Sampati were two ramayana characters who helped in the unfolding of events in the great war between Ravana and Lord Rama. Jatayu and Sampati were the sons of Aruna, and nephew of Garuda. Sampati was the elder brother of Jatayu they were demigods having the form of birds.
The Yuddha Kanda (also known as Lanka kanda, Yuddha Kandam) is one of the primary episodes in the great epic Ramayana. The Yuddha Kanda narrates the war of Ramayana between the army of Rama and the army of Ravana. We will talk about Angada in Ravana’s Court, Vibhishan Refuge, Sanjeevani Buti, Kumbhakarna, Sita’s Agnipariksha, etc.
Shatrughna was son of Sumitra, third wife of King Dasharatha of Ayodhya. He is considered to be the reincarnation of Vishnu’s sacred chakra. He was married to Shrutakeerti. He killed Lavanasura the demon King of Mathura.
Mandavi was the daughter of Kushadhwaja, a brother of King Janaka of Mithila. She was a cousin of Sita. She was the wife of Bharata, the younger brother of Rama. Mandavi and Bharata had two sons, Taksha and Pushkara.
Lakshmana was son of Sumitra, third wife of King Dasharatha of Ayodhya . He was thought to be the avatar, in a secondary form to Rama’s main appearance. He served Rama and Sita during the exile, constructing them a house in the forest and devotedly standing guard at night time, and accompanying them on exhausting journeys and long passages of lonely forest life without any criticism.
Bharata was the second brother of the main character Rama and the son of Dasharatha and Kaikeyi. He was married to Mandavi, daughter of Kusadhvaja, younger brother of King Janaka of Videha. After his marriage, he remained with his maternal uncle Yudhajit.