Importance of Research Design

A research design basically means the plan or technique of shaping the research, or as Hakim (1987) puts it “design deals mainly with aim, purposes, motives and plans within the practical constraints of location, time, money and availability of staff”. The possibilities of success of a research study is significantly improved when the “beginning” is properly defined as a precise statement of goals and justification.

Need and Importance of Research Design

Research design carries an important influence on the reliability of the results attained. It therefore provides a solid base for the whole research. It is needed due to the fact that it allows for the smooth working of the many research operations. This makes the research as effective as possible by providing maximum information with minimum spending of effort, money and time.

For building of a car, we must have a suitable blueprint made by an expert designer. In a similar fashion, we require a suitable design or plan just before data collection and analysis of the research project. Planning of design must be carried out cautiously as even a small mistake might mess up the purpose of the entire project. The design helps the investigator to organize his ideas, which helps to recognize and fix his faults, if any.

In a good research design, all the components go together with each other in a coherent way. The theoretical and conceptual framework must  with the research goals and purposes. In the same way, the data gathering method must fit with the research purposes, conceptual and theoretical framework and method of data analysis.

Importance of Research Design

Figure 1 – Research Design Need

The importance of research design in research methodology is due to the following:

  • It may result in the preferred kind of study with helpful conclusion.
  • It cuts down on inaccuracy.
  • Allows you get optimum efficiency and reliability.
  • Reduce wastage of time.
  • Reduce uncertainty, confusion and practical haphazard related to any research problem.
  • Of great help for collection of research material and testing of hypothesis.
  • It is a guide for giving research the right path.
  • Gets rid of bias and marginal errors.
  • Provides an idea concerning the type of resources needed in terms of money, effort, time, and manpower.
  • Smooth & efficient sailing (sets boundaries & helps prevent blind search)
  • Maximizes reliability of results.
  • Provides firm foundation to the endeavor.
  • Averts misleading conclusions & thoughtless useless exercise.
  •  Provides opportunity to anticipate flaws & inadequacies (anticipates problems).
  • Incorporates by learning from other people’s critical comments & evaluations.

Read Also: Significance of Research Design

Efficient research is dependent first upon the considerate statements of purpose and objectives, and associated research questions. These essential preliminary steps in turn drive important choices regarding study type, plans for analyses and competent implementation within bounded timeframes and budgets.

The research endeavour materializes by picking suitable study types according to coherent research questions, appropriate data collection, and eventually concludes by drawing inferences based on correctly planned analyses.


  1. Thanks for providing such a great stuff on the need and importance.

  2. ashwini patil says

    It is a wonderful information to have such a simple meaning and term easy to understanad it.THANKU

  3. Moses Mncwabe says

    Million thanks for a simple yet profound explanation of the importance of this aspect in scientific study.

  4. thanks for the great information

  5. Wisdom Manjere says

    Thanks for the precise explanation…it really helped me in my preparation for the business research methods exam in my second year at uni. It was easier to comprehend and grasp.

  6. Iduseri Emily Osa says

    This is so informative and educative. Easy to understand. Thank you

  7. sagi ivan says

    great information,thanks

  8. hassani juma says

    thanks for good and coherent information that keeps me on the final preparation of my exams (research methodology)

  9. Really …its a good stuff .☺☺

  10. thanks alot atleast it helped me out in my School work

  11. It is wonderful information. It helped me a lot. Thank u.

  12. Thanks for providing me with an information like this…in fact you just give me 10 marks now..

  13. this information has really helped to finish up my assignment. thanks

  14. michael mushi says

    the information are really and good thanks for help us


    Thanks for the information above it’s helping doing very many things

    I really appreciated

  16. Isaac Deng Kolnyin Machar says

    Thanks for helping students to solve theirs problems in absence of lecturer nore at class.

  17. Clever Paul Tanzania says

    thank you, this has been very useful during this time because have been writing Thesis. be blessed

  18. Vincent wambua says

    Thankz it has helped me a lot in my research methodology in my preparation

Speak Your Mind