Management Articles & Notes

This page is dedicated to management articles, notes, tips and resources. You can find articles on a variety of topics related to management here.


In simple words, management is the art of getting things done through others. In other words, management in all business activities is considered the act of coordinating the efforts of individuals to achieve objectives and goals making use of available resources wisely. Management is frequently covered as a factor of production together with equipment, materials, and funds. Management includes the manipulation of human capital within an organization to help with the success of a business. In a commercial business, the main function of management is the satisfaction of a number of stakeholders. This usually requires making a profit, producing valued goods at affordable prices, and giving rewarding job opportunities for workers.

Transferability in Qualitative Research

Transferability in research is used by the readers of study. Despite the fact that generalizability usually is applicable only to certain types of quantitative methods, transferability can apply in varying degrees to many kinds of research. Understanding research results can help us realize why and how something happens.

Trustworthiness in Qualitative Research

The objective of trustworthiness in qualitative studies is to support the argument that the inquiry’s outcomes are “worth paying attention to”. This really is not the same as typical experimental precedent of attempting to show validity, soundness, and significance. Trustworthiness has developed into an important concept because it allows researchers to explain the virtues of qualitative terms outside the parameters which are often utilized in quantitative research.

Objectives of Research

Research could be considered as a structured technique which includes enunciating the problem, developing a hypothesis, accumulating data, analyzing the facts and reaching specific conclusions, either in the form of solution for the involved problem or in certain generalizations for some theoretical formulation.

Importance of Delegation

Delegation is a technique in which the authority and powers are shared between the subordinates. Empowerment is only possible if you effectively delegate tasks and responsibilities to others. While delegating ensure the individual you’re giving authority understands what exactly is required and has the passion and expertise to efficiently finish the task. Delegation is providing others the authority to act on your behalf, along with responsibility.

Types of Subsidiary Books

Subsidiary books are the type of books of original entry where similar nature of transactions are recorded in a chronological order. Each subsidiary book is for documenting the transactions of similar nature. This article talks about the various types of subsidiary books in accounting like cash book, purchases book, sales return book, bills receivable book, etc.

Purpose of Exploratory Research

The main purpose of exploratory research is to formulate a problem and to develop a working hypothesis from an operational perspective. The main objective in these studies is on the discovery of ideas and insights. Which means the research design, ideal for these types of studies should be flexible enough to provide opportunity for considering various elements of a problem under study.

Approaches to Organizational Effectiveness

In the 1960’s and 1970’s researchers became more and more serious about the theme of organisational effectiveness (OE). Organisational effectiveness has become one of the most complicated and debatable parts of organisational research. Usually, it is not clear what experts mean when they talk about effectiveness and it has generated ambiguities in interpreting the results of their work.

Examples of Unit of Analysis

The units of analysis is the key entity which is being examined in a study. It is the ‘what’ or ‘who’ which is being observed. For instance, any of the following could be a unit of analysis in a study: individuals, groups, books, photos, newspapers, town, state, etc.

Techniques of Defining a Research Problem

The technique of defining a research problem calls for setting up boundaries within which a researcher should study the problem with a pre-determined aim in the mind. The best way to define the problem is without doubt a difficult task. That being said, it is a task that you should tackle intelligently to avoid the perplexity experienced in a research process.

Problems of Research in Developing Countries

This article lists the main challenges or problems of research in developing countries like: Lack of Training, Lack of confidence, Lack of Interaction, Illiteracy, Lack of Code of Conduct, Shortage of Resources, Problem of Conceptualization, etc.